knotTibetan Terrier Health Resources

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Ear Infections in Dogs.
Examining and Medicating the Ears of a Dog by Washington State University

Aural Hematoma.
Aural Hematoma by Wendy Brooks, DVM 

Deafness. Also see GENETICS: Inherited Neurological Disorders.
Causes of Sudden Onset of Deafness by George Strain, PhD

Ear Inflammation & Infections.
Canine Ear Inflammation and Infection. AKC Canine Health Foundation.

Otitis Externa.
Overview of Otitis.
Otitis Externa. American College of Veterinary Surgeons (ACVS).
Otis Externa & Otitis Media in Dogs

Vasculitis. Dermatology for Animals.

Vestibular Disease.
Vestibular Disease. Canine Epilepsy  Resources. by Dr. Thomas, DVM, ACVIM.
Vestibular Disease in Dogs. Health pets. By Karen Becker, DVM.

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See GENETICS: Inherited Autoimmune Disorders for the following: 
Allergies / Atopy
Autoimmune Hypothyroidism
Bullous Pemphigold
Compliment Deficiency
Lupus Erythematosus
Selective Iga Deficiency
Severe Combined Immunodeficiency

Anatomy and physiology of the Immune System. (Applies to Canines as well as humans.)  Baseline of Health Foundation
Probiotics: A Simple Step to Radically Boost Your Pet's Immune System. Health Pets. By Karen Becker, DVM with Susan G. Wynn, DVM. 9/2009.

Allergies. See GENETICS: Inherited Autoimmune Disorders.

Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia.
Immune Mediated Hemolytic Anemia (was AIHA) by Veterinary Partners
Immune mediated Hemolytic Anemia. Pet Health Network. 12/2011.

Autoimmune Hypothyroidism. See GENETICS: Inherited Autoimmune Disorders; Endocrine; Hypothyroidism.

Interdigital Furuncles.
Interdigital Cysts and Their God Forsaken Therapies. 2/2009. Patty Khuly. Pet MD.

Immune-mediated Thrombocytopenia. See GENETICS: Inherited Autoimmune Disorders.

Lupus Erythematosus. See GENETICS: Inherited Autoimmune Disorders.

Myasthenia Gravis.See GENETICS: Inherited Neurological Disorders.

Poly Arthritis. (Immune mediated.)
Recognizing and Treating Immune-Mediated Polyarthritis in Dogs. DVM 360.

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See GENETICS: Inherited Cardiovascular Disorders for the following disorders: 
Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy
Atrial Septal Defect (ASD & PFO)
Dilated Cardiomyopathy
Mitral Valve Dysplasia 
Mitral / Tricuspid Regurgitation 
Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA)
Persistent  Right Aortic Arch (Vascular Ring Anoma)
Portosystemic Shunt
Pulmonic Stenosis 
Sick Sinus Syndrome
Subaortic Stenosis
Tetralogy of Fallot 
Tricuspid Valve Dysplasia 
Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)


Cardiac Disease OFA.
Congenital Heart Disease by M. Lynne O'Sullivan DVM & Michael O'Grady DVM
Heart Disease Symptoms. Your DogsHeart. Vetmedica,
Home Care of the Heart Failure Patient by O.L. Nelson DVM MS Diplomate ACVIM Washington State University
Medications Commonly Used for Heart Failure by O.L. Nelson DVM MS Diplomate ACVIM Washington State University

Aortic / Subaortic Stenosis.
Aortic / Subaortic Stenosis. Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine.
Aortic Stenosis by Merck Veterinary Manual
Platelet Disorders. Merck Veterinary Manual.

Arrhythmias (Abnormal Rhythms.)
Arrhythmias (Abnormal Rhythms) in Dogs. Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine.

Congestive Heart Failure.
Congestive Heart Failure – Treatments for Pets with Heart Disease. Cummings Veterinary Medical Center. Tufts University.

Degenerative Valve Disease.
Chronic Degenerative Valvular Disease Cardiac Care for Pets. CVCA.

Leaky Valve. Older dogs.  
Leaky Valve Disease of Older Dogs. Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine.

Low Platelet Counts.
Low Platelet Counts in Dogs: Thrombocytopenia. PetMD.

Lymphedema (Secondary).
Lymphedema (Secondary). UPEI. CIDD Database.

Mitral Valve.
Heart Valve Malfunction in the Dog (Mitral Insufficiency) by O.L. Nelson DVM MS Diplomate ACVIM Washington St Univ.

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See GENETICS: Inherited Dermatological / Skin Disorders for the following disorders:  Acanthosis Nigricans
Acral Lick Dermatitis (Lick Granuloma)
Canine Acne
Colour Dilution Alopecia 
Demodectic Mange 
Epidermal Dysplasia 
Malassezia Dermatitis 
Perianal Fistula
Sabaceous Adenitis
Vitamin A- Response Dermatosis.  

See GENETICS: Inherited Autoimmune Disorders for the following disorders: 
Allergies / Atropy
Lupus Erythematosus


Cysts & Tumors.Epidermal and Hair Follicle Tumors. The Merck Veterinary Manual.
Hair Follicle Tumors In Dogs. Pet MD.
Sebaceous Cyst: The Canine Cyst You Should Never Squeeze. Health Pet.

Dermatosis.Ear Margin Dermatosis. Animal Dermatology Clinic.

Hot Spots.Hot Spots in Dogs. Pet Health Network.
How to Care for Your Dog's painful inflamed Skin Sores. Healthy Pets. Karen Becker, DVM. 201

Inter-digital Furuncles.Abscesses Between the Toes (Interdigital Furunculosis) in Dogs. The Merck Manual Pet Health Edition

Lice & Mange.Lice of Dogs. The Merck Manual Pet Health Edition
Mystery of Mange by Norma B. Woolf.
Sarcoptic Mange in Dogs (Canine Scabies). Pet MD.

Vasculitis Dermatology.Vasculitis. Dermatology for Animals.

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See GENETICS: Inherited Endocrine System for the following disorders:
Canine Diabetes Mellitus
Hyperadrenocorticism & Hypoadrenocorticism
Pituitary Dwarfism

See GENETICS: Inherited Autoimmune Disorders for the following:
Juvenile & Autoimmune Hyperparathyroidism Hypothyroidism


Addison's Disease.
Addison's Disease in Dogs. Hypoadrenocorticism.
Addison Dogs.
Adrenal Gland Tumors in Dogs / Benign & Malignant. Pet Wave.

Cushing's Disease.Cushings Disease from the Canine Inherited Disorders Database.
Cushing's Disease In Dogs.

Diabetes Insipidus (Water Diabetes).Diabetes Insipidus: The Other Type of Diabetes. By Karen Becker, DVM.
Water Diabetes in Dogs.

Pancreatitis.Acute Pancreatitis: Be Careful With Those Table Scraps.
Lack of Digestive Enzymes in Dogs. Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency (EPI) in Dogs. Pet MD.

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See GENETICS: Inherited Gastrointestinal Disorders for the following;
Chronic Hepatitis
Cleft Pallet
Copper Toxicosis
Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency
Extrahepatic Liver Shunts
Gastric Dilation
Volvulus (Torsion)
Gluten-Sensitive Enteropathy
Histiocytic Ulcerative Colitis
Intestinal Lymphangiectasia
Perianal Fistulas
Portosystemic Shunt
Protein-Losing Enteropathy
Pyloric Stenosis
Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth (SIBO).

Dental Disorders I Dogs. Merck Veterinary Manual

Periodontal Disease.
Periodontal Disease. AVDC.


Gastroesophageal Reflux.
Gastroesophageal Reflux in Dogs. PetMD.

Diarrhea. College of Veterinary Medicine. Pet Health Topics.

Hemorrhagic Gastroenteritis.
Hemorrhagic Diarrhea in Dogs by Janet Tobiassen Crosby, DVM.
Hemorrhagic Gastroenteritis in Small Animals.
What is hemorrhagic gastroenteritis? VCA Animal Hospitals.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD).Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Dogs. The Merck Veterinary Manual.
Irritable Bowel Disease Dog by Dog Health Guide.

Lymphocytic-Plasmacytic Gastroenteritis.
Canine Lymphocytic-Plasmacytic Gastroenteritis by Scott Trapp, Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory Purdue.

Pancreas Disorders.
Disorders of the Pancreas in Dogs. The Merck Veterinary Manual.

Acute Pancreatitis.
A Quick Review of Canine Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency. DVM 360

See GENETICS: Inherited Gastrointestinal System for the following disorders:
Copper Toxicosis
Portosystemic Malformations.

General.Diagnostic Imaging of Canine Hepatobiliary Affections: A Review.
Liver Cleansing Diet by Dr. Jean Dodds.
Liver Disease: Signs, Symptoms, and Diagnosis by Dr. Flemming, DAM, Sherwood Animal Clinic.
Overview of Hepatic Disease In Small Animals.
The Merck Veterinary Manual.

Cirrhosis and Fibrosis.
Cirrhosis and Fibrosis of the Liver in Dogs. Pet MD.
Liver Fibrosis in Young Dogs. Juvenile Fibrosing Liver Disease in Dogs.

Gall Bladder.
Disorders of the Gall Bladder and Liver Disorders in Dogs. The Merck Veterinary Manual.
Gall Bladder and Bile Duct Inflammation in Dogs. Pet MD.


Rectum / Anus
Disorders of the Rectum and Anus in Dogs. The Merck M=Veterinary Manual.

Anal Sac Infection.Anal Sac Disease. College of Veterinary Health Topics. Washington State University

General. The Vomiting Dog by Todd R Tams, DVM VCA West Los Angeles Animal Hospital.

Bloat. Bloat of Stomach Dilation in Dogs. PetMD.
Dog Bloat: How to Protect Your Pup.

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See GENETICS: Inherited Neurological Disorders for the following disorders:
Ataxia (Cerebella Abiotrophy)
Canine Neuronal Lipofuscinosis (CCL & NCL)
Cerebellar Hypoplasia
Congenital Myasthenia Gravis
Degenerative Myelopathy (DM)
Epilepsy - Hydrocephalus - Intervertebral Disk Disease
Myasthenia Gravis
Myopathy (X-Linked Muscular Dystrophy)
Spina Bifida


Neurological Signs & Diseases. Veterinary Neurological Center.


Hypothyroid-Associated Neurological Signs.
See GENETICS: Inherited  Autoimmune Disorders.

Head Tremors.
Idiopathic Head Tremors in Dogs.

Involuntary Muscle Trembling.
Involuntary Muscle Trembling in Dogs. PetMD.

Vestibular Disease Also see AUDITORY / EAR SYSTEM.
Shake, Rattle and Roll: Top 10 things You Should Know About Vestibular Disease.

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See GENETICS: Inherited Orthopedic / Musculoskeletal Disorders for the following disorders: 
Elbow Dysplasia
Hip Dysplasia
Patella Luxation.
See GENETICS: Inherited Endocrine Disorders for DWARFISM .  

Hip, Knee And Elbow Joint Replacement Information.
OFA Registry
(Orthopedic Foundation for Animals).

Anterior (ACL) and Cranial (CCL) Cruciate Ligament (ACL).
Cranial Cruciate Ligament Disease. American College of Veterinary Surgeons.
Limb Alignment in Dogs with Cranial Cruciate Ligament Insufficiency by Dominique Griffon DVM, MS, PhD
Symptoms and Signs of ACL (CCL) Injury in Dogs. Pet Wave.

Caring for Senior Dogs: Canine Arthritis 101.
Dealing with Arthritis: Joint and Back Pain in Your Older Dog.
Dog Joint Health: Pain, Osteoarthritis, and Other Joint Problems.
Managing Arthritis by Provet.

Degenerative Spinal Diseases.
Disc Disease. Vet Med UC Davis.
Intervertebral Disc Disease. American College of Veterinary Surgeons (ACVS).

Osteopathies.Developmental Osteopathies in Small Animals. Merck Veterinary Manual.

Spondylosis Deformans in Dogs. PetMD.

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See GENETICS: Inherited Reproductive Disorders for the following: 
Disorders Of Sexual Development

Also see Infertility: Female, Infertility: Male and Sperm abnormalities below.   

Breeding Dogs & Rearing Puppies. Hall Place Veterinary Center.
Pregnancy Determination in the Bitch.
Responsible Breeding.
The Stages of Canine Reproduction (In the bitch). Pet Place.

Reproductive System: Female.
Breeding Soundness Examination of the Bitch (Proceedings). DVM 360.
Canine Reproductive Anatomy. Animal Sciences. Missouri State. (Pictures).
Structure and Function of the Female Canine Reproductive Tract. Pet Place

Disorders & Diseases: Female.
Reproductive Disorders of Female Dogs. The Merck Veterinary Manual.

Brucellosis in Dogs. Pet Place. By Dr. Bari Spielman.
Canine Brucellosis in Dogs. Pet Health Network.

Canine Abortion.
Spontaneous Abortion in the Dog. Pet Place. 2015.

Dystocia in Small Animals. Merck Veterinary Manual.

Postpartum Low Blood Calcium (Eclampsia) in Dogs. Pet MD.

False Pregnancy.
Pseudo-Pregnancy in Female Dogs. Pet MD.

Follicular Cysts.
Follicular Cysts in Small Animals. The Merck Veterinary Manual.

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Infertility: Female.
Infertility in Female Dogs. PetMD.
Infertility in the Bitch: Proceedings. By A. Fontbonne, DVM, MSC, Diplomate ECAR.

Bacterial Infection of the Breast in Dogs.

Still Births & Miscarriage.
Causes & Prevention of Pregnancy: Miscarriage in dogs. PetWave.

Uterine Prolapse.
Overview of Uterine Prolapse & Eversion. Merck Veterinary Manual.
Symptoms of a Prolapsed Uterus in Dogs. Vetinfo.

Vaginal and Cervical Prolapse.
Overview of Vaginal and Cervical Prolapse. Merck Veterinary Manual.

Vaginal Inflammation.
Vaginitis in Dogs: A Simple Approach to a Complex Condition..

Reproductive System: Male.
General.Reproductive Disorders of Male Dogs. The Merck Veterinary Manual.

Disorders & Diseases: Male.
Brucellosis.Brucellosis in Dogs. Pet Place.

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Infertility: Male.Infertility in Male Dogs. PetMD.

Sperm Abnormalities.Sperm Abnormalities: Teratozoospermia in Dogs. Pet MD.
Sperm Morphology. Colorado State.

Paraphimosis.Paraphimosis in Small Animals. Merck Veterinary Manual.

Prostate.P is for Prostate. Best In Show; Canine Health. By Deb Eldrredge, DVM.

Testicular Degeneration & Hypoplasia.Testicular Degeneration and Hypoplasia in Dogs. PetMD.

Spaying & Neutering.
AVMA Collections: Spay / Neuter.
Spaying and Neutering: What are the Options? AVMA.

Long Term Consequences. Long-Term Health Risks and Benefits Associated with Spay / Neuter in Dogs. By Laura J Sanborn, M.S. PDF.
Why I've Had a Change of Heart about Neutering Pets. Healthy Pets, Mercola.

Non-Traditional Options. Spay: Non-Traditional Options. A Comparison Of Ovariohysterectomy and Overiectomy
Ovary Sparing Spay. Pros and Cons of Spay and Neuter.

Neuter: Non-Traditional Options. Calchlorin Male Sterilization: Nonsurgical Sterilant For Male Animals.
Hormone-Sparing Male Sterilization; Methods for Preserving Hormones In Male.

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See GENETICS: Inherited Respiratory Disorders for Tracheal Collapse.
Respiratory Diseases of Small Animals: Introduction by Merck Veterinary Manual

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See GENETICS: Inherited Urinary Tract Disorders for the following:
Familial Kidney Disease
Fanconi Syndrome 
Polycystic Kidney Disease
Protein-Losing Nephropathy 
Renal Dysplasia
Urethral Shaft Abnormality


Bladder stones.
Bladder Stones. Long Beach Animal Hospital.
Struvite Bladder Stones in Dogs. VCA Animal Hospitals.

Urinary Incontinence
Incontinence in Dogs by Mary Straus.
Musculsoskeletal Treatment of Urinary Incontinence. Points East West. By Dr. David

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI).Bacterial Urinary Tract Infections. Merck Veterinary Manual.
Diagnosing and Managing Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections (Proceedings). DVM 360.
Recessed Vulva: An Overlooked Cause of Chronic UTI in Dogs. DVM 360.

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See GENETICS: Inherited Eye Disorders for the following disorders:  
Corneal Dysplasia 
Corneal Ulcers 
Dry Eye (Keratoconjunctivitis) 
Ectropion and Entropion 
Imperforate Lacrimal Punctum 
Lens Luxation 
Microphthalmia Ocular Dysgenesis 
Persistent Pupillary Membrane (PPM) 
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)
Retinal Dysplasia.

Common Eye Diseases. By Kenneth Abrams, DVM, DVCVO Veterinary Ophthalmology Services.
Hereditary Eye Disease in Dogs.
Examining and Medicating the Eyes of a Dog  by Washington State University, photographs by Henry Moore.
Structures of the Canine Eye and their Diseases by Kerry Ketring DVM.

Eye Infections.
Conjunctivitis in Dogs. PetMD.

Nuclear Sclerosis.
New Research Study Focuses on Mysterious Eye Diseases in Dogs. New York State College of Veterinary Medicine.
Retinal Disease, Degeneration and Diagnosis. VetMed.
Sudden Acquired Retinal Degeneration Syndrome (SARDS).Evaluation of Retinal Status Using Chromatic Pupil Light Activity Reflex
The Basics of Nuclear Sclerosis in Dogs. Pet Care Rx.
When Your Pet's Eyes Turn Cloudy, Should You Be Concerned? Healthy Pets.

Vitreous Degeneration.  
Ultrasonographic Evaluation of Vitreous Degeneration in Normal Dogs.
Vitreous Degeneration. VetBook.

Uveitis.Anterior Uvea. Merck Veterinary Manual.
Canine Uveitis. Eye Care for Animals. Eye Inflammation (Anterior Uveitis) in Dogs.

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